The law on the immigration and the protection of the refugees envisages quasi-legal administrative courts specialized to treat contentious cases as regards immigration, such as:
- Regrouping (sponsorship) family refused.
- Loss of the statute of permanent resident in Canada.
- Detention and setting in freedom.
- Loss of the statute of permanent resident out of Canada.
- Ask political asylum.
- Ask for recourse against a negative decision.
These specialized courts require a special expertise in administrative law which the lawyer specialized as regards immigration has. They are the only ones capable to help you to regulate a lawsuit with the authorities of the immigration with whom they are in permanent contact.
In addition, there is other legal recourse like the Federal Court of Canada and the jurisdictions of common law: Superior court, Court of Appeal and Supreme Court of Canada, etc.
Finally, it is important to stress that complexity even Canadian system of immigration requires the advised councils of a lawyer specialized on the matter to avoid problems with the incalculable consequences, because, as regards immigration, it acts of the protection of fundamental human rights, against administrative arbitrariness and governmental ones.
We thus advised most extreme prudence in entrusting your immigration file to an unspecified person (to advice or consulting in immigration, for example) who would not be a lawyer. The defect to guarantee an equitable process and not to be based on the Code of ethics of the Bar constitutes a serious handicap. This is why, as regards immigration, the lawyer, guarantees professionalism and of safety is of a help and a very invaluable help.
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According to the Law, only the lawyer is authorized to emit a legal opinion and to plead in front of the judicial courts.
In other words, any person who is not member of the Bar cannot plead the contentious matters in front of the courts of Canada. Moreover, the lawyer, as a lawyer, is regularly informed of the legal developments concerning to related immigration and other matters: public or deprived international law, rights and freedoms of the person, administrative law, law of asylum and of the refugees, etc